The Data


The information that makes up the LGPN is split into five basic categories each of which can be further subdivided. The basic record structure is shown in Fig. 3. The "@" sign is used as the basic field separator.

The Name field (Fig. 4) holds the individual's name, transliterated from the Greek into a code devised by the LGPN staff. Table 1 lists the correspondence between Greek and English characters and gives the sorting value. Table 2 lists the codes for Greek accents used in transliterated names. After the name, in brackets, comes the gender of the individual, either male (m), female (f) or ambiguous (?) when the evidence is inconclusive.

A possible indication of the sex of the individual can be gleaned from the name endings. Table 3 lists the currently recognised endings and their assigned gender.

The Place field (Fig. 5) holds the location to which the individual is primarily attested, although the actual value in the field is a code. In square brackets it is also possible to have a qualifier, such as that the individual came from "the region of" or "near" the place in question.

The Date field (Fig. 6) stores the time period when the individual is thought to have lived or more particularly when the interpreted evidence suggests. This again has some coding, representing either a period, or a range of dates, or occasionally a specific date (Table 4 contains some examples). The exclamation mark is used to indicate that two date ranges are possible, e.g. AD206/7 or AD210/11.

The Reference field (Fig. 7) contains the published references to the individual in question. The actual book titles are coded, and are followed by chapters, pages and line numbers. It is also possible to incorporate comments about secondary sources of information. Because the eventual aim of the project is a published volume it has been necessary to incorporate typesetting instructions into the data, thus the plus sign, "+", denotes a word to be written in italics, while the percentage symbol, "%", signifies a Greek word and a number within two angled brackets, e.g. "<2>", indicates the number two should be printed as superscript. Note 2. Also non-Greek accents have had to be coded and Table 5 lists those currently used. Table 6 lists other codes used to flag various aspects of LGPN data.

The Final Brackets field (Fig. 8) is in fact split into five separate pieces of information, using the sub-field separator, a colon (":"). It is not necessary for all the fields to be present; the data is sufficiently structured and coded that the computer programs can determine what information is there. The first category of information relates to additional or alternative places (known as secondary places) that the person is reported to have been associated with. These are always preceded by an "and" or an "or". The second category relates to further information about the name of the individual, such as orthographical or dialectal variants and editorial suggestions. The third sub-field indicates any recorded relationships, i.e. father "f.", mother "m.", son "s." or daughter "d.". It is also possible for these to be distinguished as adopted, e.g. "s. (ad.)", or naturalised, e.g. "s. (nat)". Preceding this information may be a homonym value indicating the relative generation of the person in the name field, e.g. if the main name is "Ari1stwn" then the final bracket may contain "(I f. %Ari1stwn II)". The final two sub-fields relate to the status of the individual of which there are about 70, e.g. "freed." or "slave", and any editorial corrections or alterations made by LGPN staff which differ from the original published source, e.g. (name, date - M.J.O.), where the initials are those of the person who is the author of the modifications.

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